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Papers from Postdoctoral Research  |  Papers from Ph.D. Research

(group members in bold)


Majumdar, S. J., D. Hoffmann, E. E. Ebert, and B. W. Golding, 2024: Bringing the Value Chain for High-Impact Weather Warnings into the ClassroomBull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., Under Review.

Lawton, Q. A., R. Rios-Berrios, S. J. Majumdar, R. Emerton, and L. Magnusson, 2024: The Representation of Convectively Coupled Kelvin Waves in Global Simulations with Modified Wave Amplitudes.  J. Adv. Mod. Earth Sys., Accepted with Minor Revisions.

Magnusson, L., S. J. Majumdar, M. Dahoui, M. Bonavita, N. Bormann, A. Brown, P. Browne, G. De Chiara, D. Duncan, S. English, A. J. Geer, S. Healy, B. Ingleby, T. McNally, F. Pappenberger, F. Rabier, P. de Rosnay, M. Rennie, and F. Warrick, 2024: The role of observations in ECMWF tropical cyclone initialisation and forecasting.  Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., Accepted with Major Revisions.

Hansen, K. A., M. A. Janiga, S. J. Majumdar, and B. P. Kirtman, 2024: Impact of MJO Propagation Speed on Active Atlantic Tropical Cyclone Activity Periods.  Geophys. Res. Lett., 51e2023GL106872.

Nolan, D. S., S. Nebylitsa, B. D. McNoldy, and S. J. Majumdar, 2024: Modulation of Tropical Cyclone Rapid Intensification by Mesoscale Asymmetries.  Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 150, 388-415.


Majumdar, S. J., S. Nebylitsa, P. J. Klotzbach, C. Masiello, and Z. R. Michael, 2023: North Atlantic Tropical Cyclone Intensification: Regional Environmental Drivers and Trends.  Geophys. Res. Lett., 50, e2023GL104803. 

Nebylitsa, S., S. J. Majumdar, and D. S. Nolan, 2023: Revisiting Environmental Wind and Moisture Calculations in the Context of Tropical Cyclone Intensification.  Wea. Forecasting38, 2077–2094.

Majumdar, S. J., L. Magnusson, P. Bechtold, J.-R. Bidlot, and J. D. Doyle, 2023: Advanced tropical cyclone prediction using the experimental global ECMWF and operational regional COAMPS-TC systems.  Mon. Wea. Rev.151, 2029–2048.

Lawton, Q. A. and S. J. Majumdar, 2023: Convectively Coupled Kelvin Waves and Tropical Cyclogenesis: Connections through Convection and Moisture.  Mon. Wea. Rev.151, 1647-1666.


Majumdar, S. J., J. Sun, B. Golding, P. Joe, J. Dudhia, O. Caumont, K. Gouda, P. Steinle, B. Vincendon, J. Wang and N. Yussouf, 2021: Multiscale Hazard Forecasts: The Status and Challenges of Predicting High-Impact Weather.  Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 103, 765-767.  (Abbreviated "Article Highlight" of 2021 BAMS article.)

Millet, B., S. J. Majumdar, A. Cairo, B. D. McNoldy, S. D. Evans, and K. Broad, 2022: Exploring the Impact Of Visualization Design on Non-Expert Interpretation of Hurricane Forecast Path.  Intl. J. Human Computer Interaction

Crane, T., E. N. Kobetz, and S. J. Majumdar, 2022: Climate Change and Cancer.  Guest Editorial in The Cancer Letter, 48 (30), 28-31. 

Evans, S. D., K. Broad, A. Cairo, S. J. Majumdar, B. D. McNoldy, B. Millet, and L. Rauk, 2022: An Interdisciplinary Approach to Evaluate Public Comprehension of the "Cone of Uncertainty" Graphic.  Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 103, E2214-E2221.

Lawton, Q. A., S. J. Majumdar, K. Dotterer, C. D. Thorncroft, and C. J. Schreck III, 2022: The Influence of Convectively Coupled Kelvin Waves on African Easterly Waves in a Lagrangian Framework.  Mon. Wea. Rev., 150, 2055-2072.

Hansen, K. A., S. J. Majumdar, B. P. Kirtman, and M. A. Janiga, 2022: Testing Vertical Wind Shear and Nonlinear MJO/ENSO Interactions as Predictors for Subseasonal Atlantic Tropical Cyclone Forecasts.  Wea. Forecasting, 37, 267-281.


Dai, Y., S. J. Majumdar and D. S. Nolan, 2021: Tropical Cyclone Resistance to Strong Environmental Shear.  J. Atmos. Sci., 78, 1275-1293.

Bucci, L. R., S. J. Majumdar, R. Atlas, G. D. Emmitt and S. Greco, 2021: Understanding the Response of Tropical Cyclone Structure to the Assimilation of Synthetic Wind Profiles.  Mon. Wea. Rev., 149, 2031-2047.

Majumdar, S. J., J. Sun, B. Golding, P. Joe, J. Dudhia, O. Caumont, K. Gouda, P. Steinle, B. Vincendon, J. Wang and N. Yussouf, 2021: Multiscale Forecasting of High-Impact Weather: Current Status and Future Challenges.  Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 102, E635-E659.

Magnusson, L., S. J. Majumdar, R. Emerton, D. Richardson, M. Alonso-Balmaseda, C. Baugh, P. Bechtold, J.-R. Bidlot, A. Bonanni, M. Bonavita, N. Bormann, A. Brown, P. Browne, H. Carr, M. Dahoui, G. De Chiara, M. Diamantakis, D. Duncan, S. English, R. Forbes, A. J. Geer, T. Haiden, S. Healy, T. Hewson, B. Ingleby, M. Janousek, C. Kuehnlein, S. Lang, S.-J. Lock, T. McNally, K. Mogensen, F. Pappenberger, I. Polichtchouk, F. Prates, C. Prudhomme, F. Rabier, P. de Rosnay, T. Quintino, and M. Rennie, 2021: Tropical Cyclone Activities at ECMWF.  ECMWF Technical Memorandum No. 888.  doi: 10.21957/zzxzzygwv.

Majumdar, S. J., 2021: Working on Tropical Cyclone Predictions at ECMWF.  ECMWF Newsletter, 169, Autumn 2021.


Hansen, K. A., S. J. Majumdar and B. P. Kirtman, 2020: Identifying Subseasonal Variability Relevant to Atlantic Tropical Cyclone Activity.  Wea. Forecasting, 35, 2001-2024.

Millet, B., A. Carter, K. Broad, A. Cairo, S. Evans and S. J. Majumdar, 2020: Utilizing Visualization and Behavioral Science Concepts in Hurricane Forecast Communications.  Weather, Climate and Society, 12, 193-211.


Dai, Y., S. J. Majumdar and D. S. Nolan, 2019: The outflow-rainband relationship in tropical cyclones induced by the asymmetric environmental flow.  J. Atmos. Sci., 76, 1845-1863.

Pruitt, J. N., A. G. Little, S. J. Majumdar, T. W. Schoener and D. N. Fisher, 2019: Call-to-Action: A Global Consortium for Tropical Cyclone Ecology.  Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 34, 588-590.


Annane, B., B. D. McNoldy, S. M. Leidner, R. N. Hoffman, R. Atlas and S. J. Majumdar, 2018: A Study of the HWRF Analysis and Forecast Impact of Realistically Simulated CYGNSS Observations Assimilated as Scalar Wind Speeds and as VAM Wind Vectors. Mon. Wea. Rev., 146, 2221-2236.


Finocchio, P. M. and S. J. Majumdar, 2017: The Predictability of Idealized Tropical Cyclones in Environments with Time-Varying Vertical Wind Shear. J. Adv. Mod. Earth Sys., 9, 2836-2862.

Majumdar, S. J., 2017: Book Review: "Inventing Atmospheric Science: Bjerknes, Rossby, Wexler, and the Foundations of Modern Meteorology" by J. R. Fleming. Amer. J. Physics, 85, 721.

Doyle, J. D., J. Moskaitis, J. Feldmeier, R. Ferek, M. Beaubien, M. Bell, D. Cecil, R. Creasey, P. Duran, R. Elsberry, W. Komaromi, J. Molinari, D. Ryglicki, D. Stern, C. Velden, X. Wang, T. Allen, B. Barrett, P. Black, J. Dunion, K. Emanuel, P. Harr, L. Harrison, E. Hendricks, D. Herndon, W. Jeffries, S. J. Majumdar, J. Moore, Z. Pu, R. Rogers, E. Sanabia, G. Tripoli and D.-L. Zhang, 2017: A View of Tropical Cyclones from Above: The Tropical Cyclone Intensity (TCI) Experiment. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 98, 2113-2134.

Otkin, J. A., W. E. Lewis, A. Lenzen, B. D. McNoldy and S. J. Majumdar, 2017: Assessing the accuracy of the cloud and water vapor fields in the Hurricane WRF (HWRF) model using satellite infrared brightness temperatures. Mon. Wea. Rev., 145, 2027-2046.

Dai, Y., S. J. Majumdar and D. S. Nolan, 2017: Secondary Eyewall Formation in Tropical Cyclones by Outflow-Jet Interaction. J. Atmos. Sci., 74, 1941-1958.

Finocchio, P. M. and S. J. Majumdar, 2017: A Statistical Perspective on Wind Profiles and Vertical Wind Shear in Tropical Cyclone Environments in the Northern Hemisphere. Mon. Wea. Rev., 145, 361-378.

McNoldy, B. D., B. Annane, S. J. Majumdar, J. Delgado, L. Bucci and R. Atlas, 2017: Impact of Assimilating CYGNSS Data on Tropical Cyclone Analyses and Forecasts in a Regional OSSE Framework. Mar. Tech. Soc. J., 51, 7-15.

Parsons, D. B., M. Beland, D. Burridge, P. Bougeault, G. Brunet, J. Caughey, M. Charron, H. C. Davies, A. Diongue Niang, V. Ducrocq, P. Gauthier, T. M. Hamill, P. A. Harr, S. C. Jones, R. H. Langland, S. J. Majumdar, B. N. Mills, M. Moncrieff, T. Nakazawa, F. Rabier, J.-L. Redelsperger, R. W. Saunders, M. A. Shapiro, R. Swinbank, I. Szunyogh, C. Thorncroft, A. J. Thorpe, D. Waliser, H. Wernli and Z. Toth, 2017: THORPEX Research and the Science of Prediction. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 98, 807-830.


Majumdar, S. J., 2016: A Review of Targeted Observations. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 97, 2287-2303.

Finocchio, P. M., S. J. Majumdar, D. S. Nolan and M. Iskandarani, 2016: Idealized Tropical Cyclone Responses to the Height and Depth of Environmental Vertical Wind Shear. Mon. Wea. Rev., 144, 2155-2175.

Majumdar, S. J. and A. Brammer, 2016: Forecasts aid mission planning for hurricane research. ECMWF Newsletter, 147, 3-4. [Not Peer Reviewed]

Ruf, C., R. Atlas, P. Chang, M. P. Clarizia, J. Garrison, S. Gleason, S. Katzberg, Z. Jelenak, J. Johnson, S. J. Majumdar, A. O'Brien, D. Posselt, A. Ridley, R. Rose and V. Zavorotny, 2016: New Ocean Winds Satellite Mission to Probe Hurricanes and Tropical Convection. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 97, 385-395.


Majumdar, S. J., E. K. M. Chang, M. Pena, R. Tatusko and Z. Toth, 2015: Planning the next decade of coordinated U.S. research on minutes-to-seasonal prediction of high-impact weather. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 96, 461-464.

Brennan, M. J., D. Kleist, K. Howard and S. J. Majumdar, 2015: The Impact of Supplemental Dropwindsonde Data on the Structure and Intensity of Tropical Storm Karen (2013) in the NCEP Global Forecast System. Wea. Forecasting, 30, 683-691.

Wu, T.-C., C. S. Velden, S. J. Majumdar, H. Liu and J. L. Anderson, 2015: Understanding the Influence of Assimilating Subsets of Enhanced Atmospheric Motion Vectors on Numerical Analyses and Forecasts of Tropical Cyclone Track and Intensity with an Ensemble Kalman Filter. Mon. Wea. Rev., 143, 2503-2531.

Komaromi, W. A. and S. J. Majumdar, 2015: Ensemble-Based Error and Predictability Metrics Associated with Tropical Cyclogenesis. Part II: Wave-Relative Framework. Mon. Wea. Rev., 143, 1665-1686.


Majumdar, S. J. and R. D. Torn, 2014: Probabilistic Verification of Global and Mesoscale Ensemble Forecasts of Tropical Cyclogenesis. Wea. Forecasting, 29, 1181-1198.

Prive, N. C., Y. Xie, S. Koch, R. Atlas, S. J. Majumdar and R. N. Hoffman, 2014: An Observing System Simulation Experiment for the Unmanned Aircraft System Data Impact on Tropical Cyclone Track Forecasts. Mon. Wea. Rev., 142, 4357-4363.

Komaromi, W. A. and S. J. Majumdar, 2014: Ensemble-Based Error and Predictability Metrics Associated with Tropical Cyclogenesis. Part I: Basin-Wide Perspective. Mon. Wea. Rev., 142, 2879-2898.

Wu, T.-C., H. Liu, S. J. Majumdar, C. S. Velden and J. L. Anderson, 2014: Influence of Assimilating Satellite-Derived Atmospheric Motion Vector Observations on Numerical Analyses and Forecasts of Tropical Cyclone Track and Intensity. Mon. Wea. Rev., 142, 49-71.


Majumdar, S. J., M. J. Brennan and K. Howard, 2013: The Impact of Dropwindsonde and Supplemental Rawinsonde Observations on Track Forecasts for Hurricane Irene (2011). Wea. Forecasting, 28, 1385-1403.

Hoover, B. T., C. S. Velden and S. J. Majumdar, 2013: Physical Mechanisms Underlying Selected Adaptive Sampling Techniques for Tropical Cyclones. Mon. Wea. Rev., 141, 4008-4027.

Rappin. E. D., D. S. Nolan and S. J. Majumdar, 2013: A Highly Configurable Vortex Initialization Method for Tropical Cyclones. Mon. Wea. Rev., 141, 3556-3575.

Hamill, T. M., F. Yang, C. Cardinali and S. J. Majumdar, 2013: Impact of Targeted Winter Storm Reconnaissance Dropwindsonde Data on Midlatitude Numerical Weather Predictions. Mon. Wea. Rev., 141, 2058-2065.

DeVries, L., S. J. Majumdar and D. A. Paley, 2013: Observability-based Optimization of Coordinated Sampling Trajectories for Recursive Estimation of a Strong, Spatially Varying Flow field. Journal of Intelligent and Robotic Systems, 70, 527-544.


Montgomery, M. T., C. A. Davis, T. Dunkerton, Z. Wang, C. S. Velden, R. D. Torn, S. J. Majumdar, F. Zhang, R. Smith, L. Bosart, M. Bell, J. Haase and M. Boothe, 2012: The Pre-Depression Investigation of Cloud Systems in the Tropics (PREDICT) Experiment: Scientific Basis, New Analysis Tools and Some First Results. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 93, 152-172.


Majumdar, S. J., S. D. Aberson, C. H. Bishop, C. Cardinali, J. Caughey, A. Doerenbecher, P. Gauthier, R. Gelaro, T. M. Hamill, R. H. Langland, A. C. Lorenc, T. Nakazawa, F. Rabier, C. A. Reynolds, R. Saunders, Y. Song, Z. Toth, C. Velden, M. Weissmann and C.-C. Wu, 2011: Targeted Observations for Improving Numerical Weather Prediction: An Overview World Weather Research Programme / THORPEX Publication No. 15, 37 pp.

Yamaguchi, M., D. S. Nolan, M. Iskandarani, S. J. Majumdar, M. S. Peng and C. A. Reynolds, 2011: Singular vectors for tropical cyclone-like vortices in a nondivergent barotropic framework. J. Atmos Sci., 68, 2273-2291.

Komaromi, W. A., S. J. Majumdar and E. D. Rappin, 2011: Diagnosing initial condition sensitivity of Typhoon Sinlaku (2008) and Hurricane Ike (2008). Mon. Wea. Rev., 139, 3224-3242.

Brennan, M. J. and S. J. Majumdar, 2011: An examination of model track forecast errors for Hurricane Ike (2008) in the Gulf of Mexico. Wea. Forecasting, 26, 848-867.

Majumdar, S. J., S.-G. Chen, and C.-C. Wu, 2011: Characteristics of Ensemble Transform Kalman Filter adaptive sampling guidance for tropical cyclones Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 137 503-520.

Aberson, S. D., S. J. Majumdar, C. A. Reynolds and B. J. Etherton, 2011: An observing system experiment for tropical cyclone targeting techniques using the Global Forecast System Mon. Wea. Rev., 139, 895-907.


Yamaguchi, M. and S. J. Majumdar, 2010: Using TIGGE data to diagnose initial perturbations and their growth for tropical cyclone ensemble forecasts. Mon. Wea. Rev., 138, 3634-3655.

Majumdar, S. J. and P. M. Finocchio, 2010: On the ability of global Ensemble Prediction Systems to predict tropical cyclone track probabilities. Wea. Forecasting, 25, 659-680.

Majumdar, S. J., K. J. Sellwood, D. Hodyss, Z. Toth and Y. Song, 2010: Characteristics of target areas selected by the Ensemble Transform Kalman Filter for medium-range forecasts of high-impact winter weather. Mon. Wea. Rev., 138, 2803-2824.

Chou, K.-H., C.-C. Wu, P.-H. Lin and S. J. Majumdar, 2010: Validation of QuikSCAT wind vectors by dropwindsonde data from DOTSTAR. J. Geophys. Res. (Atmospheres), 115 D02109, doi:10.1029/2009JD012131.


Wu, C.-C., J.-H. Chen, S. J. Majumdar, M. S. Peng, C. A. Reynolds, S. D. Aberson, R. Buizza, M. Yamaguchi, S.-G. Chen, T. Nakazawa and K.-H. Chou, 2009: Inter-comparison of targeted observation guidance for tropical cyclones in the Northwestern Pacific. Mon. Wea. Rev., 137 2471-2492.

Sellwood, K. J., S. J. Majumdar, B. E. Mapes and I. Szunyogh, 2008: Predicting the influence of observations on medium-range winter weather forecasts. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 134, 2011-2027.

Chao, Y., J. D. Farrara, Z. Li, M. A. Moline, O. M. E. Schofield and S. J. Majumdar, 2008: Synergistic applications of Autonomous Underwater Vehicles and the Regional Ocean Modeling System in coastal ocean forecasting. Limnology and Oceanography, 53, 2251-2263.

Hodyss, D. and S. J. Majumdar, 2007: The contamination of `Data Impact' in global models by rapidly growing mesoscale instabilities. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 133, 1865-1875.

Reynolds, C. A., M. S. Peng, S. J. Majumdar, S. D. Aberson, C. H. Bishop and R. Buizza, 2007: Interpretation of adaptive observing guidance for Atlantic tropical cyclones. Mon. Wea. Rev., 135, 4006-4029.

Petersen, G. N., S. J. Majumdar and A. J. Thorpe, 2007: The properties of sensitive area predictions based on the ensemble transform Kalman filter (ETKF). Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc. 133, 697-710.

Toth, Z. and S. J. Majumdar, 2007: Meeting Summary: NOAA THORPEX Science Workshop Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. 88, 717-719.

Majumdar, S.J., S. D. Aberson, C. H. Bishop, R. Buizza, M. S. Peng and C. A. Reynolds, 2006: A comparison of Adaptive Observing Guidance for Atlantic Tropical Cyclones Mon. Wea. Rev.,134, 2354-2372.

Lermusiaux, P. F. J., C.-S. Chiu, G. G. Gawarkiewicz, P. Abbot, A. R. Robinson, R. N. Miller, P. J. Haley, W. G. Leslie, S. J. Majumdar, A. Pang and F. Lekien, 2006: Quantifying uncertainties in ocean predictions Oceanography. 19, 172-183.

Bishop, C. H., B. J. Etherton and S. J. Majumdar, 2006: Verification region selection and data assimilation for adaptive sampling Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc. 132, 915-933.

Hacker, J. J. Hansen, J. Berner, Y. Chen, G. Eshel, G. Hakim, T. Hamill, S. Lazarus, S. Majumdar, R. Morss, A. Poje, V. Sheremet, Y. Tang, C. Webb, 2005: UCAR/NCAR Junior Faculty Forum on Future Scientific Directions Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. 86, 1733-1737.

Papers from Postdoctoral Research

Majumdar, S. J., C.H.Bishop, R.Buizza and R.Gelaro, 2002: A comparison of Ensemble Transform Kalman Filter Targeting Guidance with ECMWF and NRL Total-Energy Singular Vector Guidance. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 128, 2527-2549.

Majumdar, S. J., C.H.Bishop, B.J.Etherton, and Z.Toth, 2002: Adaptive Sampling with the Ensemble Transform Kalman Filter. Part II: Field Program Implementation. Mon. Wea. Rev., 130, 1356-1369.

Szunyogh, I., Z.Toth, A.V.Zimin, S. J. Majumdar and A.Persson, 2002: On the propagation of the effect of targeted observations: The 2000 Winter Storm Reconnaissance Program. Mon. Wea. Rev., 130, 2803-2820.

Majumdar, S. J., C.H.Bishop, B.J.Etherton, I.Szunyogh, and Z.Toth, 2001: Can an Ensemble Transform Kalman Filter predict the reduction in forecast error variance produced by targeted observations? Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc. 127, 2803-2820.

Bishop, C.H., B.J.Etherton and S. J. Majumdar, 2001: Adaptive Sampling with the Ensemble Transform Kalman Filter. Part I: Theoretical Aspects. Mon. Wea. Rev., 129, 420-436.

Szunyogh, I., Z.Toth, S. J. Majumdar, R.E.Morss, B.J.Etherton, and  C.H.Bishop, 2000: The effect of targeted dropsonde observations during the 1999 Winter Storm Reconnaissance program. Mon. Wea. Rev., 128, 3520-3537.

Langland, R.H., Z.Toth, R.Gelaro, I.Szunyogh, M.A.Shapiro, S. J. Majumdar, R.E.Morss, G.D.Rohaly, C.Velden, N.Bond and C.H.Bishop, 1999: The North Pacific Experiment (NORPEX-98). Targeted observations for improved North American weather forecasts. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 80, 1363-1384.

Papers from Ph.D. Research

Majumdar, S. J. and N. Peake, 1998: Noise generation by the interaction between ingested turbulence and a rotating fan.  J. Fluid Mech., 359, 181-216.

Majumdar, S. J. and N. Peake, 1996: Three-dimensional effects in cascade-gust interaction. Wave Motion, 23, 321-337

Baines, P. G., S. J. Majumdar and H. Mitsudera, 1996: The mechanics of the Tollmien-Schlichting wave. J. Fluid Mech., 312, 107-124.